Arabic historians and travelers from the 8th to the 13th century have left numerous reports about Caucasian carpets, and it seems clear, that the art of weaving must be the most ancient in this rough region.
Historically and ethnically the Caucasus with its almost 350 tribes and circa 150 dialects presents a very interesting region. Even though in this melting pot of culture various ethnic groups live together, certain stilistic uniformity in their products remain.
It is assumed, that the Turk people or the Armenians have brought the art of knotting to them. The rough mountain climate, in which healthy and durable mountain sheep deliver outstanding wool, and the isolation of the inaccessible mountain world were the ideal conditions, under which the traditional patterns could be preserved for the unusual Caucasians with their strictly ordered geometrical patterns accommodating the current spirit of the times.
Exceptions to this are the now famous roses- and flower-patterns of the Karabagh and Seichur, which have originated most likely due to the Francophilic inclinations of Russian officers.
Predominantly knotted with the Turkish knot, the Caucasian productions impress mainly by their stark colouring and lustrous wool. Experts can also distinguish these carpets by touch Dense, heavy - almost shaggy - are the knotted products of these montain people. Mainly the Kazakh and the Karabagh are counted among them. Most densely knotted are the Leshgiars from Dagestan, and with a low clip they are firm and sturdy.
In the region around the Caspian Sea and in the Mogan steppe, where the climate is milder and the country side is more delightful, finer and short-clipped carpets with bright varied colours and a great pattern variety are found.
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